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English

From the Latin adjective suffix -ālis, or French, Middle French and Old French -el, -al. Likely, the aforementioned Latin suffix is formed from Etruscan genitive suffix -l (as in Etruscan ati (mother) / atial (mother's)) + adjectival suffix -is (as in fortis, dēbilis, etc.).

Catalan

From Latin -ālis.

French

From Middle French, from Old French -al, borrowed from Latin -ālis. Cognate to French -el, which is also from Latin -ālis but inherited (not borrowed).

German

Borrowed from Latin -ālis.

Hungarian

-a- + -l

Manx

Extracted from goaill.

-al f

  1. suffix used to form verbal nouns

Norman

From Old French -al, from Latin -ālis.

Old French

Borrowed from Latin -ālis. Compare the inherited -el.

Polish

From Proto-Slavic *-aljь.

Portuguese

From Old Portuguese -al, from Latin -ālis.

Spanish

From Latin -ālis.