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Borrowed from German Reich (empire, realm).


From Old High German rīhhi (power, might, empire), from Proto-Germanic *rīkiją, itself either a substantivised *rīkijaz (rich, mighty) (whence also German reich (rich)), or a direct borrowing from a Celtic language; compare Middle Irish ríge (kingdom).

Cognates include Old English rīċe (kingdom, empire) (obsolete English riche and rike), Dutch rijk (empire, realm), West Frisian ryk, Danish rige (empire, realm), Swedish rike, Icelandic ríki, Lithuanian rikis (military commander, ruler), and Sanskrit राज्य (rājyá, royalty, kingship, sovereignty, empire).


Borrowed from German Reich (realm).