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English

From Middle English cas, from Old French cas (an event), from Latin casus (a falling, a fall; accident, event, occurrence; occasion, opportunity; noun case), perfect passive participle of cado (to fall, to drop), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱh₂d- (to fall).

Chinese

Borrowed from English case.

French

Borrowed from Latin casa, in the sense of "hut, cabin". The other senses are a semantic loan from Spanish casa. Doublet of chez, which was inherited.

Galician

From Latin quasi (as if).

Middle Dutch

From Old Dutch *kāsi, from late Proto-Germanic *kāsijaz, borrowed from Latin cāseus.