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From Middle English cross, cros, from Old English cros (rood, cross), from Old Norse kross (cross), perhaps from Old Irish cros (compare Welsh croes, Irish crois), from Latin crux (cruci). Cognate with Icelandic kross (cross), Faroese krossur (cross), Danish kors (cross), Swedish kors (cross). Displaced native Middle English rood (rood, cross), from Old English rōd (cross, rood, crucifix, pole); see rood. The sense of "two intersecting lines drawn or cut on a surface; two lines intersecting at right angles" without regard to religious signification develops from the late 14th century.


From English.


From English.

Middle English

From Old English cros, borrowed from Old Norse kross, borrowed from Old Irish cros, borrowed from Latin crux.