Home > Letter L >

English

From Middle English lenen (to lean), from Old English hleonian, hlinian (to lean, recline, lie down, rest), from Proto-Germanic *hlinjaną (to lean, incline), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱley-. Cognate via Proto-Germanic with Middle Dutch leunen (to lean), German lehnen (to lean); via Proto-Indo-European with climate, cline.

Irish

From Old Irish lenaid (stays, sticks (to), follows), from Proto-Celtic *linati (stick), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ley- (slimy); compare Latin linō (anoint), līmus (mud, slime), Sanskrit लिनाति (lināti, sticks, stays).

Old English

From Proto-Germanic *launą, from a suffixed form of Proto-Indo-European *leh₂u- (catch, plunder, profit). Cognate with Old Frisian lān, Old Saxon lōn, Dutch loon, Old High German lōn (German Lohn), Old Norse laun (Swedish lön), Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌿𐌽 (laun). The Indo-European root is also the source of Ancient Greek λεία (leía) (from *λαϝία), Latin lucrum, Old Church Slavonic ловъ (lovŭ) (Russian лов (lov)), Old Irish lóg, Lithuanian lãvinti.

Scottish Gaelic

From Old Irish lenaid (stays, sticks (to), follows), from Proto-Celtic *linati (stick), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ley- (slimy); compare Latin linō (anoint), Sanskrit लिनाति (lināti, sticks, stays).

West Frisian