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English

From Middle English ne, from Old English ne, from Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Albanian

The nominative-accusative is from accusative Proto-Albanian *nōs, stressed form of clitic Proto-Indo-European *nos, which is continued by the clitic na. Neve and nesh are innovated, but Gheg retains dative nahe (Old Albanian nae) from a genitive *nosōm.

Breton

From Proto-Brythonic *ni.

Dalmatian

From Latin nec, neque. Compare Italian , French and Spanish ni, Romanian nici.

Dutch

From nen through apocope, itself a contraction of eenen, enen, the now-obsolete accusative form of een.

Finnish

From Proto-Uralic *ne.

French

From Latin nōn.

German

Contraction of nicht, dialectal net, nit, ni.

Ido

From Esperanto ne, from French ne, Russian не (ne).

Istro-Romanian

From Latin nix, nivem, through Proto-Romanian (compare Romanian nea, Aromanian neao), from Proto-Italic *sniks, from Proto-Indo-European *snígʷʰs (snow), root noun derived from *sneygʷʰ- (to snow).

Italian

From Latin inde (thence). Compare French en (adverb, pronoun).

Latin

Extended from Proto-Indo-European *ne (not) (whence Old Latin ne (not)).

Middle Dutch

From Old Dutch ne, from Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Middle French

Northern Ndebele

From Proto-Nguni *-ne, from Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

Old English

From Proto-Germanic *ne (not)

Old French

From Latin nec.

Old Saxon

From Proto-Germanic *ne.

Phuthi

From Proto-Nguni *-ne, from Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

Romanian

From Vulgar Latin nīs, from Latin nos. Compare (old form) and Aromanian .

Scots

From Old English ne, from Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Serbo-Croatian

From Proto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Slovene

From Proto-Slavic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Swazi

From Proto-Nguni *-ne, from Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

Turkish

From Ottoman Turkish نه (ne, what, whatever, how), from Old Anatolian Turkish [script needed] (ne, what), from Proto-Turkic *nē- (what). The only Turkic root beginning with /n/. The earliest PT form must have contained a unique initial nasal, having yielded specific reflexes in modern languages.

Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰤𐰀 (ne, what, which), Karakhanid [script needed] (, what), Old Uyghur [script needed] (ne, what), Azerbaijani (what), Bashkir ни (ni, what), Chuvash мӗн (mĕn, what), Kazakh не (ne, what), Khakas ниме (nime, what), Kyrgyz не (ne, what), Tatar ни (ni, what), Turkmen nǟmä (what), Tuvan чүү (čüü, what), Uyghur نېمە (nëme, what), Uzbek na (what), Yakut туох (tuox, what).

Xhosa

From Proto-Nguni *-ne, from Proto-Bantu *-nàì.

Zulu

From Proto-Nguni *-ne, from Proto-Bantu *-nàì.