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English

From Middle English pancake, equivalent to pan + cake. The juggling sense is by analogy with a pancake being tossed in a pan.

Compare Saterland Frisian Ponkouke, Ponkuuke (pancake), West Frisian pankoek (pancake), Dutch pannenkoek (pancake), German Low German Pannkook (pancake), German Pfannkuchen (pancake).

Middle English

From panne (pan) + cake.