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From Middle English quene, queen, cwen, from Old English cwēn (queen), from Proto-Germanic *kwēniz (woman), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷénh₂s (woman). Cognate with Scots queen, wheen (queen), Old Saxon quān ("wife"; > Middle Low German quene (elderly woman)), Dutch kween (woman past child-bearing age), Swedish kvinna (woman), Icelandic kvon (wife), Gothic 𐌵𐌴𐌽𐍃 (qēns, wife), Norwegian dialectal kvån (wife). Related to Old English cwene (woman; female serf, quean), see quean.