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English

From Middle English re-, from Old French re-, from Latin re-, red- (back; anew; again; against), from Proto-Indo-European *wret-, a metathetic alteration of *wert- (to turn). Displaced native English ed-, eft-, a-, with-/wither-, gain-/again-.

Catalan

From Latin re-.

Esperanto

From Latin re-.

French

From Latin re-.

Hungarian

From Latin re- (again; back).

Interlingua

From Latin re-.

Italian

Borrowed from Latin re-. The prefix re- is borrowed from Latin, while the variant ri- is inherited from Latin.

Latin

The Latin prefix rĕ- is from Proto-Italic *wre (again), which has a parallel in Umbrian re-, but its further etymology is uncertain (OED). While it carries a general sense of "back" or "backwards", its precise sense is not always clear, and its great productivity in classical Latin has the tendency to obscure its original meaning.

Watkins proposes a metathesis of Proto-Indo-European *wert- (to turn), while de Vaan suggests Proto-Indo-European *ure- (back), which is related to Proto-Slavic *rakъ in the sense of “looking backwards.”

Norman

From Old French re-, from Latin re-.

Norwegian Bokmål

From Latin re-.

Norwegian Nynorsk

From Latin re-.

Occitan

From Latin re-.

Portuguese

From Old Portuguese re-, from Latin re-.

Spanish

From Latin re-.