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From Middle English rode, rood (cross, rood), from Old English rōd (a rod, pole, rood (land measure), plot of land of a square rod, a cross, rood (as in Holy-rood), gallows, a cross on which a person is executed, death on a cross, crucifix), from Proto-Germanic *rōdō, *rōdǭ (rod, pole), from Proto-Indo-European *rōt-, *reh₁t- (bar, beam, stem). Cognate with German Rute (rod, cane, pole), Norwegian roda (rod). Largely displaced by cross. More at rod.


From Middle Dutch rôot, from Old Dutch rōt, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós, from the root *h₁rewdʰ-.