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English

From Middle English sand, from Old English sand, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz (compare West Frisian sân, Dutch zand, German Sand, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian sand), from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos (compare Latin sabulum, Ancient Greek ἄμαθος (ámathos)), from *sem- (to pour) (compare English dialectal samel (sand bottom), Old Irish to-ess-sem (to pour out), Latin sentina (bilge water), Lithuanian sémti (to scoop), Ancient Greek ἀμάω (amáō, to gather), ἄμη (ámē, water bucket)).

Afrikaans

From Dutch zand, from Middle Dutch sant, from Old Dutch *sant, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Danish

From Old Norse sannr, saðr, from Proto-Germanic *sanþaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁sónts (being, existing), the present participle of *h₁es- (to be).

Middle English

From Old English sand, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Norwegian Bokmål

From Old Norse sandr, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.

Norwegian Nynorsk

From Old Norse sandr. Akin to English sand.

Old English

From Proto-Germanic *sandō. See also the verb sendan.

Old Saxon

Akin to Old Norse sandr.

Swedish

From Old Swedish sander, from Old Norse sandr, from Proto-Germanic *samdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sámh₂dʰos.