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English

From Middle English scaffold, scaffalde, from Anglo-Norman schaffaut, eschaffaut, eschafal, eschaiphal, escadafaut (platform to see a tournament) (Modern French échafaud), from Old French es- (indicating movement away or separation) (from Latin ex- (out, away)) + chafaud, chafaut, chafault, caafau, caafaus, cadefaut (scaffold for executing a criminal), from Vulgar Latin *catafalcum (viewing stage), possibly from Ancient Greek κατα- (kata-, back; against) + Latin -falicum (from fala, phala (wooden gallery or tower; siege tower)).