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English

From Middle English schiften, from Old English sċiftan (to divide, separate into shares; appoint, ordain; arrange, organise), from Proto-Germanic *skiftijaną, *skiptijaną, for earlier *skipatjaną (to organise, put in order), from Proto-Indo-European *skeyb- (to separate, divide, part), from Proto-Indo-European *skēy- (to cut, divide, separate, part). Cognate with Scots schift, skift (to shift), West Frisian skifte, skiftsje (to sort), Dutch schiften (to sort, screen, winnow, part), German schichten (to stack, layer), Swedish skifta (to shift, change, exchange, vary), Norwegian skifte (to shift), Icelandic skipta (to switch). See ship.