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From Middle English steem, stem, from Old English stēam (steam, hot exhalation, hot breath; that which emits vapour; blood), from Proto-Germanic *staumaz (steam, vapour, breath), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰew- (to whirl, waft, stink, shake; steam, haze, smoke). Cognate with Scots stem, steam (steam), West Frisian steam (steam, vapour), Dutch stoom (steam, vapour), Low German stom (steam), Swedish dialectal stimma (steam, fog), Latin fūmus (smoke, steam).

Old English

From Proto-Germanic *staumaz, compare also Dutch stoom.

West Frisian

From Old Frisian [Term?], from Proto-Germanic *staumaz.